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Ann Clin Neurophysiol > Volume 4(1); 2002 > Article
Ann Clin Neurophysiol. 2002; 4(1): 7-11.
Steroid Myopathy
Dong Kuck Lee
Copyright © 2002 The Korean Society of Clinical Neurophysiology
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ABSTRACT
Among drug-induced myopathy, steroids are probably the most common cause. The risk of steroid myopathy(SM)increases with the dose and duration of use. It is typically a proximal myopathy, preferentially affecting the hip girdlemuscles. Motor and sensory nerve conduction studies are normal. The needle EMG is usually within the normal rangeor may be minimally abnormal. Occasionally, low-amplitude, short-duration MUAPs may be seen in the proximal muscles.Of note, abnormal spontaneous activity is not seen. This point is often very useful in differentiatingpolymyositis(PM) from SM. It is common for patients with PM to be treated with steroids, respond well, and then havethe steroids tapered. If muscle weakness then returns, it may be very difficult to differentiate recurrent PM from SM onclinical grounds. The presence of abundant abnormal spontaneous activity strongly suggests PM rather than SM.
Key words: Steroid myopathy, Polymyositis
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