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Ann Clin Neurophysiol. 1999; 1(2): 251-253.
Mechanism of Spasticity
Beom S. Jeon
Copyright © 1999 The Korean Society of Clinical Neurophysiology
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ABSTRACT
Spasticity is one of the most common clinical condition that we encounter in neurological practice. It is characterized by increased deep tendon reflexes, clonus, and other associated features. In this review, the basic anatomy of the spinal cord along with descending pathways subserving the muscle tone and reflexes is presented. Historical animal experiments and clinical studies are discussed to help understand the neurophysiology of spasticity.
Key words: Spasticity, Gamma motor neuron, Muscle spindle neurophysiology
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