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Ann Clin Neurophysiol > Volume 4(1); 2002 > Article
Ann Clin Neurophysiol. 2002; 4(1): 63-65.
A Case of Pretarsal Blepharospasm Presenting asApraxia of Lid Opening
Joon-Tae Kim, Byeong-Chae Kim, In-Yong Hwang, Sung-Min Lee, Sung-Min Choi, Eui-Ju Son, Myeong-Kyu Kim, and Ki-Hyun Cho
Copyright © 2002 The Korean Society of Clinical Neurophysiology
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Blepharospasm and apraxia of lid opening(ALO) are non-paralytic causes of involuntary eyelid closure. Clinically itis difficult to differentiate blepharospasm and ALO, and these two conditions are sometimes associated. We report acase of pretarsal blepharospasm presenting as apraxia of lid opening. 55-year-old woman was noted to have voluntaryeye opening difficulty. We synchronously record the electromyographic(EMG) from the levator palpebrae superiorisand the orbicularis oculi muscles in this patient. This results suggested that she has a variant of blepharospasm due toabnormal contraction in the pretarsal orbicularis oculi.
Key words: Blepharospasm, Apraxia of lid opening, EMG
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