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Ann Clin Neurophysiol > Volume 7(2); 2005 > Article
Ann Clin Neurophysiol. 2005; 7(2): 65-74.
Diagnosis and treatment in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
Sang-Beom Kim, Kee-Duk Park, and Byung-Ok Choi
Copyright © 2005 The Korean Society of Clinical Neurophysiology
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ABSTRACT
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease was described by Charcot and Marie in France and, independently, by Tooth in England in 1886. CMT is the most common form of inherited motor and sensory neuropathy, and is a genetically heterogeneous disorder of the peripheral nervous system. Therefore, many genes have been identified as CMT-causative genes. Traditionally, subclassification of CMT have been divided into autosomal dominant inherited demyelinating (CMT1) and axonal (CMT2) neuropathies, X-linked neuropathy (CMTX), and autosomal recessive inherited neuropathy (CMT4). Recently, intermediate type (CMT-Int) with NCVs between CMT1 and CMT2 is considered as a CMT type. There are several related peripheral neuropathies, such as D??ine-Sottas neuropathy (DSN), congenital hypomyelination (CH), hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) and giant axonal neuropathy (GAN). Great advances have been made in understanding the molecular basis of CMT, and 17 distinct genetic causes of CMT have been identified. The number of newly discovered mutations and identified genetic loci is rapidly increasing, and this expanding list has proved challenging for physicians trying to keep up with the field. Identifying the genetic cause of inherited neuropathies is often important to determine at risk family members as well as diagnose the patient. In addition, the encouraging studies have been published on rational potential therapies for the CMT1A. Now, wedevelop a model of how the various genes may interact in the pathogenesis of CMT disorder.
Key words: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Peripheral nervous system, Schwann cell, Axonopathy, Gene
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